Why do property prices fall?

According to economists, “fundamental” economic factors that affect housing prices and play major role in fall in property prices include interest rates and household income. For some reason that isn’t clear, economists don’t believe that consumer expectations for housing prices in the future have a significant role in setting current housing prices, yet they should.

On this broad concept, economists have conducted a huge amount of research. Unfortunately, they refer to it by a variety of names, which is incredibly confusing. Additionally, price expectations, price extrapolation, biased expectations, adaptive expectations, diagnostic expectations, irrational exuberance, learning from prices, momentum trading, and other terms have all been used to describe the overall idea.

Despite many different names, the concept is simple: If you anticipate that home values will rise in the future, you will logically be less inclined to sell now, more willing to purchase now, and more willing to pay more than the current market price for a home. In addition, this expectation drives up home prices more quickly, which increases consumer confidence that prices will rise further, which drives up prices further, and so on in a positive feedback cycle.

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Not just homebuyers and home sellers are affected. A second feedback loop occurs when lenders become more eager to lend money as a result of increased demand for housing as a result of rising house prices. This is because lenders have a tendency to predict rising prices and rising profits into the future.

Factors that cause a property prices fall

The main factors that cause a fall in property prices are:

Rising Interest Rates

The interest rates seriously effects the housing market. Variable mortgage interest payments will cost more as interest rates rise. In the near term, those with fixed-rate mortgages may protect from rising mortgage payments. But over time, even fixed-rate mortgages will cost more.

Interest rates were raised to 15% in the late 1980s. Mortgage payments have increased as a result of this. Moreover, when mortgage payments made up more than 50% of available funds, it lead to mortgage defaults. It caused people to sell their homes and lower demand. Although interest rates increased somewhat in 2006, more risky mortgages had been taken out by consumers.

Interest rates are crucial for buy-to-let investors as well. Mortgage payments will be less expensive due to low interest rates than livable income. Therefore, a rise in interest rates will encourage selling.

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In recessions, unemployment increases, incomes drop, and consumers lack the assurance to commit significant sums of money to the property market. Moreover, falling house prices and recessionary times has a strong relation.

In addition, house prices had increased prior to the recession far more quickly than inflation and wages. It show that the ratios of housing costs to incomes had risen in the years prior. These housing price to income ratios experienced a “correction” during the recession. For instance, landlords who acquire properties to rent out to tenants may do so during a boom to try to realize capital gains. However, sell during a recession while home prices are declining.

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Rise in Taxes

A minor modification to the stamp duty or other types of property taxes may increase the cost of buying a home. Also, reduce its attractiveness. Moreover, there are plans to raise taxes on second houses, which would reduce the appeal of buy to let property.

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